Category Archives: solar deities

Crowns of Ancient Egypt

Crowns of Ancient Egypt: decoding the candy cane

Double crown of United Egypt (Peschant)Egyptian Sun god Horus and Mother goddess Mut are both typically represented wearing a red and white crown called the Pschent or Double Crown of Egypt. This is a crown formed by combining the red crown (Deshret) of Lower Egypt with the white crown (Hedjet) of Upper Egypt. Horus’ father, Osiris, wears an Atef which is the white crown of Upper Egypt surrounded by two Ostrich feathers, and sometimes with a gold disc on top. In the coded imagery of the Game, it seems that alternating red and white colors symbolize unity.

screenshot for video for Hole's song, Malibu
Red and white stripes may represent unity. (Screenshot from Hole’s “Malibu” video)

ancient egyptian crownThe red crown of Lower Egypt is associated with the letter “N” (N red crown). It features a stylized Uraeus that, in art and hieroglypics, looks like a “curl” springing forward from the back part of the crown, extending forward. In later crowns, and on the sarcophagi of pharoahs like Psusennes, Ramses, and Tutankhamun, the Uraeus “curl” springs from the center of the forehead. The “curl on the forehead” is a sun symbol, no doubt related to the uraeus (or its absence) and to the idea of a “third eye” (or its blindness).
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Mythology: a definition

Ancient Egyptian Sun God RaHaving written several blogs discussing mythology associated with ancient and modern cultures, I’ve been getting the nagging feeling that I should define my way of using the word “mythology.” So here I go.

I don’t want to get too complex. The Wikipedia page on mythology is in-depth and academic but there is one sentence that seems to encapsulate my attitude toward mythology: “Some (recent) approaches have rejected a conflict between the value of myth and rational thought, often viewing myths, rather than being merely inaccurate historical accounts, as expressions for understanding general psychological, cultural or societal truths.” Bingo.

To my view, there is no conflict between myth and so-called “rational thought.” None.

Unlike Bill Maher who in Religulous seems to reject the concept of religion based on historical or factual innacuracies in religious texts – or evangelical Christians who insist that the Bible be viewed as historically accurate even when scientific method makes that difficult or impossible – when it comes to mythology, I have little interest in the facts. What matters to me is that a particular story is important enough to venerate and pass down through generations. So when I use the world “mythology” I am referencing important stories passed down orally, and/or in writing, which use symbolic language to describe a people’s deep cultural and spiritual truths.

Simple. Continue reading Mythology: a definition

Sun King mythology V: Aztecs and Tonatiuh, the Fifth Sun

Aztec Sun God: TonatiuhThe association between Ancient Egypt and freemasonry via stonemasonry is obvious, but it seems like there is an Aztec connection as well. Mythological associations between the Sun, fertility, and the passage of time (calendars) were important to Aztecs who first encountered Europeans with the arrival of Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1517. It’s certainly possible that over the past 500 years, some Aztec beliefs regarding the Sun were incorporated into the mythological structure of European freemasonry. Continue reading Sun King mythology V: Aztecs and Tonatiuh, the Fifth Sun

Osiris and isis

Sun King mythology III: Solar deities of Ancient Egypt

As noted in Part I and Part II, Sun gods and Sun goddesses are found throughout the ancient world, and there are certain commonalities between them, though each has its own character and complexity. It’s clear that the way “The Sun” aka “The Son” is seen in this Game can be traced, one way or another, to Ancient Egypt. While various mythologies come into play with the Game, for our purposes, Ancient Egyptian mythology, specifically the epic battle between Set and his nephew Horus, seems to be most important.

Egyptian Sun mythology

Ancient Egypt was a civilization spanning about 3,000 years. Over that period of time, and because the Ancient Egyptian worldview was “multi-layered” (Oxford Guide to Egyptian Mythology 2003 p 106), interrelated deities morphed and mingled making it pretty difficult to do a superficial survey and make generalizations. Nonetheless, I’m going to try. Wikipedia is really handy here because of the checks and balances built in, because there is a consistency of how information is presented, and because of the footnotes which would enable a person to go to primary sources when necessary. Anyone who can, should really consider donating to Wikipedia.

Egyptian sun or sun-related deities include Atum, Aten, Ra, Horus, Isis, Nut, and Sekhmet.
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Dead Man - Johnny Depp as Willam Blake, poet, painter, killer

Sun King mythology II: solar barges, solar chariots

Solar Barge

Ra in Solar Barge
Solar God Ra in Barge
The “solar barge” is a mythological representation of a Sun that rides a boat. Representations of solar barges can be traced to the neolithic era (approx 10,000 B.C. to 2,000 B.C.). It is a mythic representation which continued into Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, and it is found in other mythologies around the world as well.(Wikipedia: solar deity)

The Khufu ship, for example, is an intact full-size ritual vessel that was sealed into a pit at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza around 2500 B.C. It is a type of solar barge designed to carry the resurrected king Khufu with the sun god Ra across the heavens.

Khufu ship
Khufu ship

The Jim Jarmusch movie, Dead Man, evokes the concept of a solar barge as Johnny Depp’s character, William Blake, is ceremonially set off into the Pacific Ocean by Gary Farmer’s character, “Nobody.”

Continue reading Sun King mythology II: solar barges, solar chariots

Decoding the alphabet

It seems like each letter has a meaning which I believe is sometimes based on the letter’s shape and/or hieroglyphic origin as well as its sound. The following are best guesses based on patterns. I believe that many short words (like the words “do”, “run”, and “sock”) are often acronyms.

A – Alpha
Holbein - John Calvin c. 1500The letter A can be traced to the first letter of the Phonecian alphabet which was supposed to represent the head of an ox. It looks like a pyramid. I believe it mans “first.” I think it may also relate to the word “architect.”

John Calvin, in his Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536), repeatedly calls the Christian God “the Architect of the Universe”, also referring to his works as “Architecture of the Universe”, and in his commentary on Psalm 19 refers to the Christian God as the “Great Architect” or “Architect of the Universe”…Masonic historians such as William Bissey, Gary Leazer (quoting Coil’s Masonic Encyclopaedia), and S. Brent Morris, assert that “the Masonic abbreviation G.A.O.T.U., meaning the Great Architect of the Universe, continues a long tradition of using an allegorical name for the Deity.” (wikipedia: Great Architect of the Universe

B – Blue or Blood (or both)
The letter “B” may have started as the Egyptian hieroglyph for floorplan for a house. Phonencian letter “bet” or beth” symbolizes the number 2 in Gematria and is the first letter in the Torah.

C – to see
The letter “C” comes from the same source as the letter “G.” That is Gimel, the third letter of many Semetic alphabets. Originally it may have been an Egyptian hieroglyph for a staff or shepherd’s sling, the weapon David used to kill Goliath. (1 Samuel 17)

D – Dust, Dirt, or most likely, Door
The Semitic letter Dâlet may have developed from the logogram for a door. This might also matter since it seems there is a door for the Sun to find. Names like “Doris” evoke that. It’s possible that there is a mirror meaning, both related to the Sun: dirt & door.

“Well Friday about a week ago, Leroy shootin’ dice, and at the edge of the bar sat a girl named Doris, and ooh that girl looked nice.” – Jim Coce “Bad Bad Leroy Brown” 1973

E – Elephant
E is the 5th letter of the alphabet. The Elephant represents the Sun. It looks like the Roman number “3” turned sideways. I believe the Game is sometimes framed as Mouse vs. Elephant. E is also the most common letter in many languages, and for that reason, it is used to crack a code in Edger Allen Poe’s The Gold Bug. (As far as I can tell, all of Poe’s works included coded references to The Game.)
Continue reading Decoding the alphabet