Twelve spokes, one wheel, navels three.
Who can comprehend this?
On it are placed together
three hundred and sixty like pegs.
They shake not in the least.
— Dirghatamas, Rigveda 1.164.48 c. 1500–1200 B.C.
I’m not clever in math. I can notice some basic relationships, though, and I can see that both the 12 hour clock and the 360° circle are divisible by 6’s (and of course, 3’s). On the clock face, the numbers 3, 6, 9, and 12 can be connected with lines to form diamond with a plus sign (+). The plus sign is also a visual representation of four 90° angles – the 360° of a circle or the four interior angles of a square.
Like the numbers on the clock and the degrees in a circle, the Persian calendar 360 day year is divisible by 6’s and 3’s and suggests that the degrees on a circle may be partly a graphical representation of a year. Similarly, our modern calendar is divided, like a clock, into twelve units (months).
Aztec and Mayan calendars also take the form of a circle, and design elements from some of these ancient calendars have been used in modern currency.
Continue reading Circle geometry II: 3, 6, 9